TYPES AND SUBTYPES OF LEUKAEMIA IN NEWLY DIAGNOSED PATIENTS ADMITTED IN THE DEPARTMENT OF CHILD HEALTH IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

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Jan Muhammad Afridi
Sabahat Amir
Arshia Munir
fazlur Raheem
Yasir Rehman

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of types and subtypes of leukaemia in newly diagnosed patients admitted in
the department of child health of a Tertiary Care Hospital.
Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study, conducted in the Department of Child Health,
Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar, Pakistan, from June 2016 to December 2017. A total of 50 newly diagnosed cases
of acute leukaemia (subtypes of ALL and AML) were selected through non randomised convenient sampling. Patients
less than 15 years with clinical features suggestive of Acute Leukaemia were included while patients more than 15
years and under treatment chemotherapy/ radiotherapy were excluded. Common clinical features were noted along
with hematological parameters.
Results: Thirty one were male and 15 were female children who presented with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and
04% patients were of acute myeloid leukaemia with two patients male and 2 female. Ninty two percent cases presented
with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and 8 cases presented with acute myeloid leukaemia. On bone marrow examination
ALL L1 was predominant type. There were 44 cases of ALL L1, 2 cases of ALL L2 and no cases of ALL L3 noted.
In acute myeloid leukaemia 2 cases were that of AML type M2 and two of AML M4 and no cases observed in types
M0, M3 and M5.
Conclusion: Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia was the most common type of leukaemia followed by myelogenous
leukaemia, males were much more affected than females.

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