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Objective: To compare the effectiveness of balance exercises with and without aerobic exercises in improving balance
of diabetic neuropathic patients.
Material and Methods: A Randomized Control Trial was conducted on 38 diabetic neuropathic patients in Armed
Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences, Rawalpindi-Pakistan from Sep 2015 to Jan 2016. Patients were randomly
divided into control group (n=20) and experimental group (n=18) by toss and coin method. Control group was given
only balance exercises while Experimental group received balance and aerobic exercises for Six weeks. Treatment
outcomes were assessed on Berg Balance scale, Functional Reach Test, Romberg Test and Backward Release Test
and Nerve Conduction Studies. Statistical analysis was done by using SPSS 20.
Results: The Mean Values ± SD for Berg Balance scale, Functional Reach, Romberg and Backward Release Test
were found to be significant (P<0.05) in aerobic treatment group as compared to traditional balance exercises group.
Significant improvements have also been reported in different parameters of nerve conduction studies with P<0.05
Conclusion: Aerobic Exercises shows marked improvements in balance of diabetic neuropathic patients as compared
to simple balance exercises. According to the Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) reports it was also observed that with
aerobic exercises the complications of neuropathy were greatly minimized.
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