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Objective: To determine the frequency of risk factors associated with placental abruption.
Material and Methods: Total 177 patients of placental abruption were studied during June 2010 to June 2011 at Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar. Sample technique was non probability purposive sampling and study design was descriptive (cross sectional). Statistical package SPSS 10 used for data analysis.
Results: In this study most of the patients 27% were in age group 15-20 years. Mean age was 37 years with standard deviation ± 0.27, 78% patients were multi gravidas while 22% patients were primi gravida, 90% patients were in 3rd trimester and 10% patients were 2nd trimester. Regarding risk factors 15% patients had chronic hypertension, pre eclampsia was found in 16% patients, rupture of membrane was found in 11% patients and trauma was found in 3% patients.
Conclusion: Pregnancy induce hypertension, chronic hypertension, pre eclampsia, pre mature rupture of membrane are common risk factors of placental abruption, these all can be prevented by good antenatal care, early intervention and proper treatment.
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