METABOLIC SYNDROME AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS
Main Article Content
Objectives: Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of several vascular risk factors. Prevention of cardiovascular diseases is
related to early diagnosis of metabolic syndrome. Little information is available about the prevalence of the metabolic
syndrome and its associated risk factors in Pakistan.
Material and Methods: A matched case control study included 150 adults patients diagnosed with acute myocardial
infarction and 150 healthy controls, aged 40 years and above. The patients were selected from Khyber Teaching
Hospital, Lady Reading Hospital and Hayatabad Medical Complex in Peshawar and controls were selected from the
general population. Metabolic syndrome and its relationship with associated risk factors such as obesity, physical
inactivity, smoking status, education and socioeconomic status were assessed.
Results: It was found that 55% of the patients had diagnostic criteria of metabolic syndrome compared to 17% of
controls. It was more common in age group 51-60 years. 66% of males and 34% of females had metabolic syndrome.
Obesity, physical inactivity and current smoking were associated risk factors with increased odds of metabolic
Conclusion: Metabolic syndrome is more common in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Increased physical
activity and cessation of smoking may decrease the prevalence of metabolic syndrome.
All articles published in the Journal of Medical Sciences (JMS) are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0). Under the CC BY 4.0 license, author(s) retain the ownership of the copyright publishing rights without restrictions for their content, and allow others to copy, use, print, share, modify, and distribute the content of the article even for commercial purposes as long as the original authors and the journal are properly cited. No permission is required from the author/s or the publishers for this purpose. Appropriate attribution can be provided by simply citing the original article. The corresponding author has the right to grant on behalf of all authors, a worldwide license to JMS and its licensees in all forms, formats, and media (whether known now or created in the future), The corresponding author must certify and warrant the authorship and proprietorship and should declare that he/she has not granted or assigned any of the article’s rights to any other person or body.
The corresponding author must compensate the journal for any costs, expenses, or damages that the JMS may incur as a result of any breach of these warranties including any intentional or unintentional errors, omissions, copyright issues, or plagiarism. The editorial office must be notified upon submission if an article contains materials like text, pictures, tables, or graphs from other copyrighted sources. The JMS reserves the right to remove any images, figures, tables, or other content, from any article, whether before or after publication, if concerns are raised about copyright, license, or permissions and the authors are unable to provide documentation confirming that appropriate permissions were obtained for publication of the content in question.