GENDER DIFFERENCES ON PERSONALITY TRAITS AND INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT LEVELS DURING ADMISSION IN MEDICAL COLLEGE (QIMS)

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Muhammad Hanif Khilji
Shazia Shahzadi
Asiya Zahoor

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the Gender differences on personality traits & IQ levels during admission in medical college
2017. No significant study on the subject has been carried out in Pakistan especially in Balochistan.
Material and Methods: A total of 145 students enrolled in the study, 65 males and 80 females all over the Pakistan
and foreign country. A questionnaire along with the IQ test and personality traits Inventory (TIPI) were administered to
assess the IQ level and personality traits for the study of medicine. Both questionnaires were in English and distributed
to the large group in 4 phases. Approximately an hour was spend on this activity on each phase, some interviews were
conducted on Skype (foreign & Rest of country category) both test were taken at the time of admission. Researcher
was explained everything to the students.
Results: From QIMS 145 Students males and females enrolled, IQ levels & Personality Traits were tested such as
openness to experience, conscientiousness, Extroversion, agreeableness and Neuroticism. Data had been analyzed
using SPSS version (21). Described data with percentages for categorical variables means and standard deviations for
numerical variables T-test was used to compare the gender differences P Value < 0.05 was consider significant. It can
be summarized means of IQ level male (108) and female (109) and calculated P value of IQ (P= 0.447 > 0.05) there is
insignificant difference between male and female IQ scores. Agreeable (P = 0.009, N = 145, P < 0.05) . Extroversion
(P = 0.372, N = 145, P > 0.05). Conscientiousness (P = 0.244, N = 145, P > 0.05). Neuroticism / emotional instability
(P = 0.314, N = 145, P > 0.05). Openness to experience (P = 0.287, N = 145, P > 0.05) indicates that there are
insignificant difference between the score of males & females.
Conclusion: scores shows those majority IQ levels of males, (108) & females, (109). A medical student needs minimum
IQ level (106 to 119), the significant difference is observed in “agreeableness” This must be considered during
the course of instructions. Changes should also be incorporated in method of instruction. Insignificant difference is
observed in other four personality traits.

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