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Objective: To assess the educational environment of Khyber Medical College Peshawar, both quantitatively and qualitatively.
Material and Methods: This mixed method study was conducted in Khyber Medical College that is one of the pioneer
medical institute in the country. A survey of DREEM questionnaire was circulated amongst 175 students both males
and females belonging to year 2. A qualitative phenomenological study was conducted by involving class leaders of
all years (12 in number) in the form of a focus group interview that was conducted to triangulate the results of DREEM
survey. Quantitative data of survey was analyzed by SPSS version 22. Qualitative data was analyzed by recoding the
interview that was later on transcribed verbatim. Thematic analysis of the transcribed data was done by identifying
codes, categories and themes manually.
Results: A total of 150 students (out of 175) participated in the survey, amongst whom 89 were female students. The
mean overall DREEM score was 103.27, which was more positive. Students perception of teaching was viewed negatively.
Students perception of learning, academic and social self-perception was scored positively. Themes identified
in qualitative component were quality of teaching, role modelling, social life and administrative control.
Conclusion: Our study revealed a positive learning environment in the college with more positives in academic and
social aspects and in the meantime highlighted weaknesses in the quality of teaching.
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