FREQUENCY OF MEASLES IN INFANTS YOUNGER THAN 9 MONTHS OF AGE

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Zia Muhammad
Sabir Khan
Irshad Ahmad
Tabinda Shadab
Zulqarnain Haider
Janath Sheer

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of measles in infants younger than 9 months of age.
Material and Methods: This was an observational cross-sectional study conducted in Department of Paediatrics of
Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar from November 2012 to October 2013. A pre-designed proforma was used to
collect data. The data was presented in the form of frequencies and percentages.Two age groups were identified in
the data, age < 9 months (Group A) and age ≥ 9 months (Group B).
Results: A total number of 503 cases (n=503) of age 6 months-10 years were enrolled in this study. Out of 503 cases,
89 (17.69%) patients belonged to Group ‘A’ whereas 414 (82.3%) to Group ‘B’. In Group ‘A’ 60 (67%) were male and 29
(33%) were females. In Group ‘B’ 245 (59%) were male and 169 (41%) were female.Among 503 patients, 157 (31.2%)
were fully vaccinated, 144 (28.6%) were partially vaccinated and 202 (40%) were unvaccinated.Regarding education
status of parents, 325 (64%) of the fathers were educated whereas 178 (35%) were uneducated. Mothers of the patients,
160 (32%) were educated whereas 343 (68%) were uneducated.A total of 141 (28%) received single dose of measles
vaccine, 13 (3%) received two doses whereas 349 (69%) of the patients did not receive measles vaccine at all.
Conclusion: High number of infants under 9 months of age are affected by measles. It is recommended to review the
immunization schedule formeasles and the first dose of measles vaccine to be administered at least at 6 months of age.

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Author Biography

Zulqarnain Haider, Department of Child Health, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar-Pakistan

Department of Child Health, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar-Pakistan