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Objective: To determine the fetal outcome of Caesarean Sections (CS) performed for abnormal Cardiotocography (CTG)
Material and Methods: This retrospective data review was conducted in Gynaecology and Obstetrics unit B of Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar from June 2015 till June 2016 after approval from the hospital ethical committee, using a non-probability convenient sampling technique. The hospital record of 234 patients who had CS for fetal distress was reviewed. Patients with singleton and term gestation, who had CS for fetal distress diagnosed based on abnormal Cardiotocography were included in the study. The fetal outcome was noted in terms of Apgar score at 5 minutes, admission to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and perinatal mortality. Fetal blood sampling (FBS) and postnatal analysis of fetal arterial blood gases and PH were not carried out in any patient because of non-availability. The results are expressed in frequencies and percentages, shown in tables and figures.
Results: In one year, a total of 1255 C-sections were performed. Amongst these, 234 (18.64%) patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were enrolled. Babies delivered with 5 minutes Apgar score of 7 or above were 166 (70.94%). Twenty-one (8.97%) babies were admitted to NICU and perinatal mortality was 6 (2.54%).
Out of 234 patients who underwent CS due to abnormal CTG, more than 2/3rd of patients had normal babies with an Apgar score of 7 or more, which indicates that abnormal CTG alone should not be used as an indication for CS
Keywords: Fetal Distress, CTG, Caesarean section
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