COMPARISON BETWEEN ANTIPYRETIC AND COLD SPONGING VERSUS ONLY ANTIPYRETIC IN TREATMENT OF FEVER IN PEDIATRICS AGE GROUP

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Abdul Khaliq
Rifaq Zeb
Sabir Khan
Irshad Ahmad
Muhammad Tahir
Syed Imad Ali Shah

Abstract

Objective: To compare the antipyretic and cold sponging versus only antipyretic for treatment of fever.
Material and Methods: This Randomize control trial was conducted at pediatrics department Khyber Teaching Hospital
Peshawar - Pakistan, from August 2017 to December 2017.Total sample of 100 patients were selected randomly for
study, written informed consent were taken from parents. Patients were divided into two groups. Group A was given
only paracetamol while group B was given paracetamol and cold sponging was also applied, then temperature was
checked at 0, 30, 60, 90 and 120 minutes, discomfort was also noted at these intervals . Data was collected by predesigned
questionnaire and processed by SPSS 17.
Results: Out of total 100 patients 53(53%) were males while 47(47%) females. Mean age was 6.4±2.8 years with
minimum of 2 and maximum of 13 years. We had noted that in group B i.e. those who were given antipyretics and
applied cold sponging, the decrease of temperature was rapid than those who were given only antipyretics ie. Group
A especially in first 30 minutes. Moreover after 2 hours the temperature reached to normal range in both groups but
the decrease was more rapid in group B than group A.
Conclusion: Fever treated with antipyretic and cold sponging fall faster in the first 30 mint and those treated with only
antipyretic the temperature drop was a bit slower but at the end of two hours both reached the same level.

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