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Objective: To determine factors associated with dizziness/vertigo in the elderly population. (Factors include demographic,
depression, living environment and activity level)
Material and Methods: Descriptive Cross sectional & Analytical study design was used. Healthy elderly population
was included for data collection of Rawalpindi and Islamabad (Pakistan). 200 elderly were recruited in study. A pilot
study (n=20) was conducted to validate the DHI. Different assessment tools were used to assess association i.e. Time
Up and Go Test and Geriatric Depression Scale. The data was analyzed and chi square and correlation test was used
to assess association and correlation respectively.
Results: The results indicate that females (32.61 ± 23.70) are more prone to dizziness as compared to males (17.85
± 21.979). There is no association (0.819) between living environment and dizziness but strong association is present
between activity and dizziness, and disease status of elderly population. Approximately 30% participants suffer from
dizziness. Depression has no significant effect on the individuals with dizziness.
Conclusion: Elderly females are more prone to develop dizziness in comparison to males. Activity level in elderly population
can influence dizziness. Improved activity level can reduce risk of developing dizziness in elderly population. No
association was found between dizziness and depression though increasing age has a greater impact of developing
symptoms of dizziness.
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