FREQUENCY AND TYPES OF LEISHMANIASIS IN KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA (KPK)

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Shahina Mumtaz
Asif Hussain Munir
Muhammad Asghar
Naheed Naheed

Abstract

Objective: to know and document the risk of factors for category leishmaniasis.
Material and Methods: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is rapidly and easily diagnosed by direct examination of impression smear from lesion. Smear was stained by giemsa or Wright stain. In active lesion amastigote form of parasite are easily recognized intracellularly and extracellularly. Diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis was established by demonstration of leishmania parasite in giemsa smear, demographic information and physical signs of patients. 340 cases were collected from OPD of dermatology unit of KTH and HMC Peshawar. Data was collected from jan 2015 to oct 2015.
Results: During 10 months period, 340 positive cases were identified. In this study all cases were of cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Commonly effected age group was 16-30 years (42.8%) and more males were among this group.

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