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Objectives:The aim of the study was to evaluate the sociodemographic data and mode of attempt, hopelessness and suicide intent in suicide attempted patients presented to A&E in tertiary care hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Material and Methods:
A prospective study of 6-month duration was done in tertiary care hospital. Patients with deliberate self-harm and attempted suicide who presented to A&E were included in the study. Those who fulfilled the criteria were evaluated by usingBeck Hopelessness Scale, and Beck Suicidal Intent Scale along with a semi structured proforma for interview. Data were analyzed with statistical tests and psychiatric diagnosis was made by using ICD-10.
In the planned period of 6-months span, 102 patients were assessed. Women (64%), less than 45 years of age were (74%). 26% had a family history of suicide. 31% have attempted in the past. 71% have attempted through organophosphorus. 39% had psychiatric morbidity. Depression was the major comorbidity. 55% of suicidal attempts have resulted from Dysfunctional family living. Most of the patients had mild (34%) and moderate (40%) degrees of hopelessness, and the mean score was 9.64. The mean suicidal intent in the participants was 25.14, when correlated with hopelessness score, significant positive correlation was found.
Lethality of the attempt increases with the severity of hopelessness.Furthermore, identifying and treating the underlying psychiatric condition such as depression and hopelessness is an immediate need.
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