WEAPONRY PATTERN OF HOMICIDAL DEATHS IN DISTRICT PESHAWAR

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Shahida Naveed
Naveed Alam
Mian Saad Ahmad
Saima Shazia
Muhammad Asghar Khattak
Farzand Iqbal

Abstract

Objective: To determine the weaponry pattern due to homicidal deaths in tertiary case setup .
Materials & Methods: The cross-sectional descriptive study was held in Forensic Medicine Department, Khyber Medical
College, Peshawar from Jan 2016 – June 2016. Out of total 537 autopsies in this department, 377 samples of homicidal
deaths were taken and studied in detail. A pre-designed questionnaire with demographic details was used as research
tool. SPPS v 25.0 was used as analytical tool, categorical variables were presented/tabulated in the form of frequency
and percentages while numerical variables were presented in the form mean ± S.D.
Results: Out of 377 autopsies, in 86.7% cases cause of death was due to firearm injury followed by sharp cutting
object 6.1%, bomb blast and ligature related deaths were 3.2% and blunt trauma had only 0.8% cases. The male to
female preponderance of homicidal cases is not unique one with male more dominant with 87.5% and only 12.5%
female cases. The cause of death in these cases shows that maximum died due to injury to brain with 38.5% followed
by Heart/Lung injury 93 (24.7%) and then injuries to other organs.
Conclusion: This study concludes that homicide was the most common manner of death in Peshawar. Out of the total
unnatural deaths, firearms were used in the maximum number of cases.

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