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Background: Diabetes is a global health issue. In Pakistan, the diabetes mellitus is becoming increasingly prevalent with 11.77% of the population having type II diabetes mellitus1. There is a direct correlation between the diabetic control and patient’s knowledge about the disease2 which is inadequate in majority of the patients3.
Methodology: The study was conducted at Khyber Teaching Hospital and completed in 06 months’ time. Non-Random Consecutive sampling technique was used for the collection of data. The survey was conducted as a cross-sectional study using questionnaires to guide the interview-based data collection from the patients. A pre tested questionnaire was used for data collection. Verbal consent was taken from the patients and data collected while respecting the anonymity of the individual participants. According to the recent data of prevalence of diabetes in Pakistan, the sample size was calculated to be 275 for the study. For the analysis of data SPSS version 23.0 was used. The Chi square test was used for significance testing of variables.
Results: A total of 275 interviews were conducted, to which patients responded well. Out of 275 who responded the questionnaire, 87.6% of the patients were suffering from Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus while 10.5% and 1.8% of the patients was suffering from Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus respectively. Regarding awareness around 55% of the patients had poor knowledge about the disease with approximately 22% having adequate knowledge. 50.9% of the patients were unaware about the importance of regular monitoring of blood glucose levels and only 27.3 % of the patients knew about HbA1c and its importance while 64.7% and 72.7% of the patient were unaware of recommended fasting and random blood glucose levels respectively. Approximately 48.7% of the participants were of the view that insulin is the end stage drug for Diabetics and it in itself cause damage to the vital organs of the body e.g. Kidneys.
Conclusion: The awareness of Diabetes and its complications is very low among the diabetic patients of Peshawar. Their awareness is crucial for us to control the increasing trends of the disease and its complications.
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