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Background: Premature parturition difficulties are the key reason of death for children less than 5 years, resulting more than 1 million mortality in 2015 alone. Many disabilities among children are associated with preterm. Chronic Apical Periodontitis has been reported to be a prevalent disease especially in adults. CAP is usually a condition in which apical portion of the root of tooth is chronically inflamed.
Objective: The purpose this research was to identify the characteristics of chronic apical periodontitis among post-natal Pakistani women.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted at among 150 post-natal women suffered from CAP at Gynaecology ward, Unit III, Civil Hospital Karachi. Data were collected from women who delivered babies on that day at the Gynae ward CHK and satisfied the criteria to be included in the study. Principal Investigator assessed radiographs for the presences of CAP. SPSS version 21.0 was used to enter and analysed the study data.
Results: Mean age of participants was 26.61 ± 4.83. Among all participants 63 (42%) were unable to read or write. There were 100 (66.7%) participants who had monthly income < 10,000. Majority of the participants had ≤ 6 members in family. Majority 104 (69.3%) were multigravida while 46 (30. %) were primigravida. Mean gestational period in weeks was 36.16 ± 2.31. Majority of the participants 115 (76.7%) had CAP in single tooth, 32 (21.3%) had in 2 teeth and 3 (2%) had CAP in 3 teeth. PAI score was significantly associated with birth type (normal term and preterm). Baby weight was significantly differed between PAI scores.
Conclusion: Results of this study indicate most of the study women were illiterate and belong to low income family. There was higher percentage of multigravida and most of the deliveries were normal vaginal. CAP in single tooth was found among majority of the study women.
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