FREQUENCY OF HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA IN PATIENTS PRESENTING WITH MALARIA AT TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, PESHAWAR

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Nowsherwan n
Atta Muhammad khan
Naveed Iqbal
Muhammad Tariq Mehr

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of hemolytic anemia in patients presenting with malaria at a tertiary Care hospital.
Material and Methods: This study was carried out at Department of Internal Medicine, Lady Reading hospital, Peshawar
- Pakistan. The Study design used was descriptive cross-sectional study. Study duration was one year from
July 2017 to July 2018 in which the total number of observed patients were 151. More over all of the patients having
malaria at presentation, of either gender and with age ranging from 16 to 70 years were included. Patients in pediatric
age group i.e. age up to 10 years, patients with hemolytic anemia due to causes other than malaria as evident by the
history, family history and previous medical record were exempted. With thorough history and physical examination,
all of the patients were cautiously checked out and screened. Laboratory tests were done in LRH laboratory. The whole
data was analyzed using the SPSS version 20.
Results: The mean age shown by our study was 38 years ± 11.77. Male patients were 58 % and female patients were
42%. The Mean duration of disease was 1 week ± 1.56. More over 3% patients had hemolytic anemia while 97% patients
didn’t have hemolytic anemia.
Conclusion: The majority of our patients were young, hemolytic anemia in malaria was more common, which can be
reduced with early diagnosis and effective management of malaria

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