COMPLICATION RATES IN DIABETES MELLITUS IN RELATION TO DURATION OF DIABETES

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Azmat Ali
Faryal Naeem

Abstract

Objectives: To find out rate of complications in terms of nephropathy, neuropathy and retinopathy with progression
of diabetes mellitus.
Material and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted among 190 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Study period was from August 2017 to July 2018. This study was carried out at KRL Hospital Islamabad, Pakistan. Prior
permission from ethical review board was taken. Patient’s personal history, family history, laboratory data was recorded
and complications of diabetes were noted on a specified proforma. Data was analyzed using statistical package for
social sciences version 17.
Results: This study included 190 patients. 104 (54.7%) were females and 86 (45.3%) were males. 22.6% patients
had coexisting hypertension. 41.5% patients were having either of parents diabetic. 43% patients in this study had
nephropathy, 24% neuropathy and 12% retinopathy. Majority of patients (89%) had HbA1c >7. Patients with diabetes
duration of more than 10 years had high complication rates with regard to retinopathy 52.6% and neuropathy 52.3%
while nephropathy was 36.9%.
Conclusion: Diabetic neuropathy and retinopathy rise with duration of disease. Majority of patients (89%) had poor
glycemic control ( HbA1c > 7 ).

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