FREQUENCY OF DYSLIPIDAEMIA IN PATIENTS WITH ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION; A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY DONE IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF PESHAWAR

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Waheed Iqbal
Asad Inayat
Muhammad Saleh Faisal
Waqar Hayat
Kashif Ur Rehman Khalil

Abstract

Objective: To assess the frequency of dyslipidaemia in our local population presented with essential hypertension to
medical OPD.
Material and Methods: It was a Descriptive (Cross sectional study) conducted in the department of General Medicine,
Khyber Teaching Hospital-Peshawar, Pakistan from August 2016 to February 2017. A total of 238 patients were
enrolled in the study by non-probability consecutive sampling technique. Sample size was calculated by taking 19.1%
proportion of dyslipidaemia with essential hypertension, 5% margin of error and 95% confidence level under WHO
formula. Diagnosis for both essential hypertension and dyslipidaemia were done by clinical examination and laboratory
investigations, respectively. Following proper inclusion and exclusion criteria, the patients were enrolled in the study.
Informed consent was taken from each patient and demographics were recorded on pre-designed proforma. The data
was analysed using SPSS version 20.0 while graphs were constructed using graph pad prism version 6.0.
Results: In this study 238 patients were observed, out of which 10% were in age group between 31- 40 years, 27% in
41-50 years, 30% in 51- 60 years and 33% were having age more than 60 years. Mean age was 53 years with SD ± 5.71.
Male patients constituted 55% while female patients were 45%. Moreover, the frequency of dyslipidaemia was found
in 28% patients of essential hypertension. There was no statistical significant association found between different age
groups and dyslipidaemia with p-value 0.86, 0.86 and 0.89 respectively but the risk of dyslipidaemia increased with age
having odds ratio of 1.05, 1.05 and 1.06 respectively. Gender made no differences in comparison with dyslipidaemia
with p-value 0.42 but risk of developing dyslipidaemia in males were less as compared to females.
Conclusion: Among essential hypertensive patients, frequency of dyslipidaemia was found to be 28% indicating
significant correlation.

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