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Objectives: To assess the association of vitamin D deficiency with stroke and its risk factor among the stroke patients.
Material and Methods: This case control study was conducted in the ICU and Medical Unit of Khyber Teaching Hospital,
Peshawar, Pakistan from April 2016 and October 2016, in which 100 patients and 200 controls were selected by convenience sampling. Cases were defined if patient had serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D level less than 20 ng/ml. Data was collected through a structured questionnaire.
Results: Our results showed that; 44% patients were male and 43% were female among the cases while 43.5% were male and 56.5% were females among controls. Among cases, 29 were in age groups of 30-40 years, 128 in 40 years while 143 having age above 60 years. Mean age in cases was 58.4 years +11.1 SD and in control the mean age was 58.6 years +11.5 SD. The results of all selected variables among the stroke patient showed positive association with OR > 1.
Conclusion: The deficiency of 25-hydroxy vitamin D had independent association with stroke and showed positive association with obesity, hypertension, family history of stroke, high lipid profile and reduced levels of vitamin D.
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