FREQUENCY & SEVERITY OF DEPRESSION AMONG ADULT POPULATION OF DISTRICT PESHAWAR

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Muhammad Ishtiaq
Imran Ullah
Muhammad Imtiaz Afridi
Masroor Anwar
Muhammad Haider Ali
Saif Akbar Khan

Abstract

Objective: To estimate the prevalence and severity of depression among the adult population of District Peshawar.
Material and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in the District Peshawar, by the department of community
medicine Khyber, Medical College Peshawar; from October 2016 to March 2017; in which a total of 410 adults, both male
and female, of ages 18 and above years were selected from the study areas on the basis of Multistage probability sampling
techniques. Physical Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) structured questionnaire was used to collect data regarding
the prevalence and severity of depression. Data was analyzed by SPSS and presented in forms of tables and graphs.
Results: Our results showed that the prevalence of depression was 85.85%. Out of the total prevalence; approximately
80.40 % of the population had mild, 12.50 % had moderate and 7.10 % had major depression; according to the level
of degree of depression on PHQ-9 questionnaire.
Conclusions: The prevalence of depression among the adult male and female population of district Peshawar was
high, and the medical and paramedical services needs to be improved to adequately manage the high frequency of
depression among the adult population.

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