AGE AND SEX ASSOSIATION WITH THE CLUSTERING OF METABOLIC SYNDROME FACTORS
Main Article Content
Objectives: To determine prevalence of metabolic syndrome in different age groups and its sex specific changes in
Material and Methods: Randomly selected adults aged 40years and above were studied using stratified sampling
from tertiary care hospitals of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in year 2008. Target study sample was 300 with population
proportionate distribution (men 224, women 76). To see the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in different age groups,
evaluation of anthropometric variables, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and lipids were done. Metabolic
syndrome was diagnosed using Modified ATP III criteria. Different age groups were compared using chi-square test.
Results: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome for each age group (40-50, 51-60 and 61-above) in men was
5.3%,16%,11% and in women 6.5%,16%,26% respectively. Among the risk factors, increased prevalence of raised
triglyceride, low HDL and increase waist circumference levels in women were seen and that of high fasting glucose in
both genders with aging. The statistical significance in parameters among the males and females were seen more in
51 -60 years aged group.
Conclusion Aging is an important factor that affects the metabolic abnormalities. Therefore, the development of
better approaches to the prevention and management of metabolic syndrome is necessary for healthy aging in our
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