DETERMINING THE DEMOGRAPHIC PATTERNS OF DRUG-RESISTANT AND DRUG-SUSCEPTIBLE TUBERCULOSIS IN KPK, PAKISTAN THROUGH A RETROSPECTIVE SURVEY

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Urooj Ahmad
Anab Arshad
Sara Jadoon
Shahana Saba Salih
Hafsa Ahmed
Samreen Saifullah
Huma Nayab
Sara Safi

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this research was to find out the demographic characteristics of drug-susceptible and drug-resistant Tuberculosis in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.


Material and Methods: A retrospective survey was conducted on data from the TB Control Program Khyber Pakhtunkhwa recorded between 1st January 2021 to 3rd June 2022. 7 sentinel sites and 5 Programmatic Management of Drug-resistant Tuberculosis sites report the data to the TB control program. The data was entered into Excel and analyzed through frequency tables, histograms, and bar charts.


Results: A total of 39,210 Tuberculosis cases were reported to TB control program KPK from 1st January 2021 to 3rd June 2022; 38,723 were drug-susceptible while 487 were drug-resistant TB cases. The highest percentage of TB was found in the age group 15-24 years. Males were more affected than females with drug-susceptible TB. In contrast, drug-resistant TB was affecting females more than males.  58% of cases were reported in the public sector while 42% cases in the private sector. The households of only 2,412 (6.22%) patients of drug-susceptible Tuberculosis were screened out of 38,723 patients. In 2815 Tuberculosis patients screened for HIV, 4 drug-susceptible and 5 drug-resistant cases were positive for HIV. 8.41% of drug-resistant TB patients were diabetic.


Conclusion: The frequency of TB cases is high in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, especially among 15-24-year-olds. Household contact screening is inadequate in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. There is a high percentage of coexisting drug-resistant TB and diabetes.


Keywords: Drug susceptible TB, Drug-resistant TB, HIV co-infection, Household contact.


 

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How to Cite
Ahmad, U., Arshad, A., Jadoon, S., Salih, S. S., Ahmed, H., Saifullah, S., Nayab, H., & Safi, S. (2024). DETERMINING THE DEMOGRAPHIC PATTERNS OF DRUG-RESISTANT AND DRUG-SUSCEPTIBLE TUBERCULOSIS IN KPK, PAKISTAN THROUGH A RETROSPECTIVE SURVEY. Journal of Medical Sciences, 32(1), 71–75. https://doi.org/10.52764/jms.24.32.1.13
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