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Objective: To compare the level of awareness of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus control among urban and rural patients.
Materials & Methods: A Comparative Cross-sectional study was conducted at Ganga Ram, Sheikh Zayed, and PSRD Hospital, Lahore by using a non-probability purposive sampling technique. The data from 362 participants were gathered and analyzed from November 2021 to April 2022. Participants who had type 2 Diabetes Mellitus for 10 years, aged 34-68 years, and Body Mass Index (BMI) of 18.5 to 34.9kg/m2 were included and those with micro and macrovascular complications were excluded from this study. Ethical approval was taken from the Institutional Review Board of PSRD College of Rehabilitation (Ref#PSRD/CRS/IAJ/REC/Letter-002). Semi-structured questionnaires that comprised pharmacological, diet, and exercise components were used for data collection after getting informed consent from participants.
Results: Results of this study show Mean±SD of age in urban and rural 49.7011±7.38161, 48.3457±7.09693 years, BMI 27.6858±4.27858, 27.6551±4.27986kg/m2 respectively. The Mean±SD of pharmacological awareness in urban and rural 4.4483±0.44174, 4.3085±0.55392, and exercise awareness was 1.4415±.49789, 1.4368±.49742 showed no significant difference while diet awareness to control diabetes was 3.8391±1.10043, 2.7553±1.44922, with significant difference(p-value<0.05).
This study concludes that there is no significant difference between urban and rural patients for pharmacological and exercise awareness and a significant difference for diet management in diabetes control.
Awareness, Diabetes Mellitus, Disease Management, Rural population, Type II Diabetes Mellitus, Urban population.
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