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Objectives: To assess the prevalence of different complications among hypertensive patients admitted in Medical
Intensive Care Units.
Material and Methods: This study was conducted in Medical Units and ICU of Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar,
Pakistan from September 2014 to February 2015. It was across-sectional study of 219 hypertensive patients, ages
between 20 to 70 All the hypertensive patients who had given consent were included and relevant data regarding
complications was collected from the patient’s record by means of a structured questionnaire.
Results: Most of the patients were males (60.29%) and male to female ratio was approximately 1.5:1, 42.58% had age
above 60 years, 11.96% had less than 5 years, 25.36% had more than 10 years, while 62.68% had 5-10 years duration
of hypertension. Moreover, 56.45% were obese, 35.4% were smokers, 70.33% had positive history of family hypertension
and 59.33% had sedentary life style habits. Out of all hypertensive patients, following complications were noticed;
blood vessel (20.57%), cardiac (64.59%), brain (13.88%), renal (29.67%), eye (15.79%) and miscellaneous (67.94%).
Conclusion: Effective control of hypertension can reduce the risk of blood vessel, cardiac, brain and renal complications
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