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Saima Gilani
Syed Mohammed
Naila Bukhari
Shadab Akhtar


Objective: To assess the medical educational environment at Khyber Medical Collage, Peshawar.
Material and Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Khyber Medical College, Peshawar in March
2015. The Dundee Ready Education. Environment Measure (DREEM) Questionnaire, which has worldwide face validity,
was used to assess the learning environment, as perceived by students of final year MBBS. The English version
of the DREEM inventory was administered to 150 student, the participation was voluntary and the questionnaire was
anonymous. The return of the completed questionnaire was taken as their implied consent. The Dundee Ready Education
Environment Measure (DREEM) inventory has five subscales of perceptions of learning, teachers, atmosphere,
academic self-perceptions and social self-perceptions. Data was analyzed using SPSS 17.
Results: Of the 150 questionnaires distributed, 145(98%) were returned duly filled. Of all the respondents, overall mean
score found positive was 105.8±27.4 (Max: 200). Corresponding scores in the subscales were: student’s perception
of learning 25.1±4.2 (Max: 48); social self-perception 16.2±3.6 (Max: 28); academic self-perception17.8±5.5 (Max:
32); perception of teachers being in need of some re-training 22.5±7.1 (Max: 44); and perception of atmosphere as
having many issues needing a change 24.2±7.0 (Max: 48). Female students perceived environment as more positive
than male students (107.6±23.0 vs.98.8±28.9 [p<0.001]).
Conclusion: The highest score was found in the domain of student’s social self-perceptions and lowest in the domain of
student’s perception of atmosphere and teachers. Results can be used as a basis for planning and executing remedial
measures needed to improve the undergraduate medical education environment in Pakistan.

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How to Cite
Gilani, S., Mohammed, S., Bukhari, N., & Akhtar, S. (2016). ASSESSMENT OF EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF AN UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL SCHOOL. Journal of Medical Sciences, 24(2), 54–59. Retrieved from