Main Article Content
Objective: To determine the relation of placenta Acreta Spectrum with previous Cesarean section in patients with placenta previa.
Material and Methods: This case-control study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in Peshawar from 1st July 2019 to 30th June 2021. All the cases with placenta Previa were included. Women with placenta Acreta Spectrum diagnosed on obstetric ultrasound served as cases. Patients with placenta previa without accrete served as controls. Their records were studied in detail and all the data was recorded in a Proforma specially designed for this study. Odds ratios at the end of the study were calculated using SPSS-23.
Results: During our study period, a total of 102 patients with placenta previa were enrolled. The ages ranged between 20-45 years. The majority of the patients were > 40 years old (31.3%). On the basis of gravidity, different groups were found i.e. 45 patients (44.1 %) were between G5-G6. A total of 14 women were found with placenta accrete spectrum making an incidence of 13.72%. Of all the patients’ i.e.100% (odd ratio 1.1) were having a history of previous Cesarean birth. 6 out of 14 patients (42.8%) had a history of previous 1 Cesarean section while two patients (10%) had a history of 4 c\s in the past. Nearly all patients had major placenta previa except one patient who had minor placenta previa (7%).
Conclusion: Our study highlighted the striking relationship of placenta Accreta spectrum with previous Cesarean delivery in patients with placenta previa however it was not found that increasing the number of previous Cesarean sections resulted in an increased number of placentae Accreta spectrum.
Keywords: Placenta Accreta spectrum, Cesarean section.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
All articles published in the Journal of Medical Sciences (JMS) are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0). Under the CC BY 4.0 license, author(s) retain the ownership of the copyright publishing rights without restrictions for their content, and allow others to copy, use, print, share, modify, and distribute the content of the article even for commercial purposes as long as the original authors and the journal are properly cited. No permission is required from the author/s or the publishers for this purpose. Appropriate attribution can be provided by simply citing the original article. The corresponding author has the right to grant on behalf of all authors, a worldwide license to JMS and its licensees in all forms, formats, and media (whether known now or created in the future), The corresponding author must certify and warrant the authorship and proprietorship and should declare that he/she has not granted or assigned any of the article’s rights to any other person or body.
The corresponding author must compensate the journal for any costs, expenses, or damages that the JMS may incur as a result of any breach of these warranties including any intentional or unintentional errors, omissions, copyright issues, or plagiarism. The editorial office must be notified upon submission if an article contains materials like text, pictures, tables, or graphs from other copyrighted sources. The JMS reserves the right to remove any images, figures, tables, or other content, from any article, whether before or after publication, if concerns are raised about copyright, license, or permissions and the authors are unable to provide documentation confirming that appropriate permissions were obtained for publication of the content in question.