PREVALENCE OF DIABETES AND HYPERTENSION IN GERIATRIC POPULATION OF URBAN AREAS OF PESHAWAR

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Siddiq ur Rehman
Maimoona Nasir
Rubeena Gul
Ijaz Hussain
Shakeel ur Rehman

Abstract

Objectives: To find the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension in old people of urban areas of Peshawar and its effect on literacy and financial dependency on geriatric health.
Material and Methods: Study type was cross sectional descriptive study design, conducted from April 2014 to May, 2014. Sample size of 250 was randomly selected from 5 urban areas of Peshawar. Data was collected through semi-structured questionnaires and Interviews.
Results: Prevalence of diabetes was 32% and hypertension was 48.4%. Males were 42.3% and 57.5% females were hypertensive, among whom 94.6% were totally dependent. Diabetes prevalence was 29.8% in males and 35.35% in females, among them 70.9% were totally dependent. Among literates 53.79% had diabetes, 66.89% had hypertension. Among illiterates 2% had Diabetes, 24% had hypertension. Chi-square showed significant association between sex, literacy, dependency and hypertension. Literacy and dependency had significant association with diabetes while sex had not.
Conclusion: Results showed that hypertension is more common in females but sex has limited role in prevalence of diabetes. Most of the illiterates are non-hypertensive and non-diabetic compared to literates. Financial dependency has direct impact on prevalence of both diseases.

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