MORTALITY AND LENGTH OF HOSPITAL STAY IN PATIENTS WITH LIVER CIRRHOSIS BASED ON THEIR MELD SCORE

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Hamza Ali Khan
Nizam Ud Din
Saleem Iqbal
Ghulam Abbas
Muhammad Yousaf
Badar Mahmood Shah
Shah Umam

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to find the frequency of mortality and length of hospital stay in patients with liver cirrhosis based on their MELD score at admission. We also aim to study prognostication in cirrhotic patients using MELD scores at admission.


Materials and Methods:         A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in the Medical Department of Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar from 17/10/2019 to 17/4/2020. A total of 100 patients were observed. Investigations required for the calculation of the MELD score were done from the hospital laboratory. Admitted patients were followed for study outcome in-hospital mortality and length of hospital stay for at least 30 days. All information was noted in the predesigned proforma.


RESULTS: One hundred patients were analyzed among which the mean age was 53 years with SD ± 7.11. Forty-two percent were male and 58% were female. In-hospital mortality was observed in 8(8%) while mean hospital stay was 7 days with a standard deviation ± 4.12 in patients presenting with liver cirrhosis mortality was observed in patients with a MELD score of less than 20. However, mortality was 6.89%  in patients with a MELD score of 20-29 and 42.85 % in those with a MELD score of more than 30.


CONCLUSION: The frequency of in-hospital mortality was 8% and the mean length of hospital stay was 7± 4.12 days in patients with liver cirrhosis. For patients with higher MELD scores, the hospital stay and mortality increased.


Key Words: in-hospital mortality, mean length of hospital stay, MELD score

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How to Cite
Khan, H. A., Din, N. U., Iqbal, S., Abbas, G., Yousaf, M., Shah, B. M., & Umam, S. (2024). MORTALITY AND LENGTH OF HOSPITAL STAY IN PATIENTS WITH LIVER CIRRHOSIS BASED ON THEIR MELD SCORE. Journal of Medical Sciences, 32(1), 12–17. https://doi.org/10.52764/jms.24.32.1.2
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