COMPARISON OF EXERGAMES VERSUS TRADITIONAL BALANCE EXERCISE TO IMPROVE BALANCE AND REDUCE RISK OF FALLS IN CHRONIC STROKE PATIENTS
Main Article Content
Objective: One of the frequent causes of disability in stroke patients is balance impairment. Balance training is integral part of rehabilitation for stroke patients. Exergame is innovative technology which provides benefit of exercise in entertaining way. The objective was to compare the effects of exergames versus traditional balance exercise to improve balance and reduce risk of fall in chronic stroke patients.
Method: A randomized control trial was conducted on 40 chronic stroke patients. Patients were randomly divided into exergaming group (n=20) and control group (n=20), using coin and toss method. Patients in control group performed traditional balance exercises while exergaming group performed supervised exergames along with traditional balance exercises. The treatment duration for both groups was 35-40 minutes/3 times a week for 6 weeks, with 5 minutes of warm up and cool down before and after intervention.
The demographics were recorded, and assessment was done using Berg balance scale, Time Up and Go test and Dynamic gait index at baseline and after 6 weeks of intervention. Data was analyzed using SPSS 24.
Results: Of the 46 patients assessed, 40 (86.9%) were included in the study. The overall mean age was 57.78±5.38 years, there were 20 (54.1 %) males and 17 (45.9 %) females. Significant improvements were seen between the groups for Berg balance scale, Time Up Go test and Dynamic gait index after six weeks of intervention (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Exergame is found to be effective in improving balance and reducing risk of fall in chronic stroke patients.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
All articles published in the Journal of Medical Sciences (JMS) are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0). Under the CC BY 4.0 license, author(s) retain the ownership of the copyright publishing rights without restrictions for their content, and allow others to copy, use, print, share, modify, and distribute the content of the article even for commercial purposes as long as the original authors and the journal are properly cited. No permission is required from the author/s or the publishers for this purpose. Appropriate attribution can be provided by simply citing the original article. The corresponding author has the right to grant on behalf of all authors, a worldwide license to JMS and its licensees in all forms, formats, and media (whether known now or created in the future), The corresponding author must certify and warrant the authorship and proprietorship and should declare that he/she has not granted or assigned any of the article’s rights to any other person or body.
The corresponding author must compensate the journal for any costs, expenses, or damages that the JMS may incur as a result of any breach of these warranties including any intentional or unintentional errors, omissions, copyright issues, or plagiarism. The editorial office must be notified upon submission if an article contains materials like text, pictures, tables, or graphs from other copyrighted sources. The JMS reserves the right to remove any images, figures, tables, or other content, from any article, whether before or after publication, if concerns are raised about copyright, license, or permissions and the authors are unable to provide documentation confirming that appropriate permissions were obtained for publication of the content in question.