18. EFFECTS OF NOISE POLLUTION ON THE HEALTH OF EXPOSED POPULATION AND ITS THRESHOLD LEVELS: A REVIEW

Shahla Nazneen1, Sardar Khan1, Muhammad Ishtiaq2, Saeeda Yousaf1, Huma Shakoor1

1Department of Environmental Science, University of Peshawar - Pakistan
2Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Khyber Medical College, Peshawar - Pakistan

Abstract

Objectives: This review paper focused on the adverse effects of noise on the health of exposed population.
Material and Methods: Recent publications on the effects of noise pollution are critically reviewed and threshold levels
determined by various researchers are presented in this review paper.
Results: This paper shows that noise not only poses serious health risks such as physiological, physical, psychological
effects on the exposed population but also imposes various adverse effects on the wellbeing of humans. It also affects
the worker’s performances who are exposed to high noise levels, depending on the length of time. Questionnaire
surveys have revealed that noise is believed to be a cause of many diseases.
Recommendation: It is recommended that noise legislations enacted by the concerned departments should be strictly
implemented to save the population from adverse effects of noise.

Keywords: Noise; health effects; threshold levels.

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