15. PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME IN STUDENTS OF NURSING SCHOOL OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Zubaida Akhtar, Qudsia Qazi, Madiha Iqbal, Syed Muhammad, Maria Rafiq

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar - Pakistan

Abstract

Objective: To find out the frequency and severity of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in nursing students.
Material and Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted in school of nursing at Khyber Teaching Hospital
Peshawar, Pakistan from March 2017 to June 2017. A total of 200 nursing students were enrolled in the study using
purposive sampling technique. Revised Premenstrual Tension Syndrome Scale (Observer Rating) was used to collect
the data in addition to collect the demographic details of the participants. SPSS 20 was used for analysis of the data.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 22.4±3.8 years. More than half (n=102, 51%) of the nursing students had
PMS. Of these 102, 42 (41.2%) had mild, 48 (47.0%) had moderate and 6 (11.8%) had severe form of PMS. Decreased
interest in usual activities (n=83) and irritability (n=78) were the commonest symptoms reported in the cases of PMS
and the severity of these symptoms were reported as high by comparatively more nursing students.
Conclusion: Majority of nurses suffer from PMS, however only a very few were having severe PMS. Majority of nurses
were having PMS, exhibited psychological symptoms followed by somatic symptoms.

Keywords: Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), Nurse, Premenstrual Tension Syndrome Scale

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