4. FREQUENCY OF METABOLIC SYNDROME IN PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE II

Maryam Paracha1, Muhammad Haroon Iqbal1, Kashmala Sarfraz2

1Department of Pathology, Rai Medical College, Sargodah - Pakistan
2Department of Pharmacology, Rai Medical College, Sargodah - Pakistan

Abstract

Objective: To identify frequency of Metabolic Syndrome in diabetics and factors increasing risk of syndrome to avoid
its prevalence.
Material &Methods: It is a prospective, descriptive, and cohort study conducted on 113 Diabetics of both sexes aged
between 20 to 80 years to find out the frequency of Metabolic Syndrome under the criteria of Adult Treatment Panel
III definition. Their anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose level and lipid profile were
done and student’s t-test was applied. Logistic regression analysis showed association of measured variables with the
frequency of Metabolic Syndrome.
Results: Metabolic syndrome was found in 80 (males: 29, females: 51) patients (70.8%) out of 113. Individuals having
hypertension, obesity and dyslipidemia along with Diabetes Mellitus were found to have Metabolic Syndrome more
frequently than those having less of these complications.
Conclusion: The individuals with diabetes are more prone to the Metabolic Syndrome and the complications of Diabetes
Mellitus. Moreover, Metabolic Syndrome diagnosis is simple and an easy clinical tool assessing potential risk of
metabolic disorders and is found to be more common in individuals of old age group and its prevalence varies with
the socioeconomic lifestyle.

Keywords: Metabolic Syndrome, T2DM (Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus), Anthropometric Measurements, Fasting Blood Glucose levels, Lipid Profile.

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