16.LARYNGEAL COMPLICATIONS OF ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE AND LARYNGEAL MASK AIRWAY IN ELECTIVE SURGICAL PATIENTS REQUIRING GENERAL ANESTHESIA

Umbrin Naz, Aurangzeb, Muhammad Ilyas, Asad Khan, Parhaizgar Khan

Department of Anesthesia, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar - Pakistan

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the use of Laryngeal mask airway and its comparison with endotracheal tube for postoperative
laryngeal complications.
Material and Methods: A toal of 114 adult American Society of Anaesthesiologist (ASA) I and II patients who were
candidate for elective surgical operation participated in this study. Patients randomized into two groups Laryngeal mask
airway was used in one group and Endotracheal tube in the other one. Postoperative laryngeal complications including
sore throat and coughing were assessed in all patients during the first six hours.
Results: A total of 114 patients were divided in two equal groups, managed by laryngeal mask airway and endotracheal
tube. Sex distribution among the groups was insignificant with p-value=0. 107. The age distribution among the group
was also insignificant with p-value 0. 605. Sore throat was significant in both the procedure with p-value=0. 007 and
coughing was also significant in both the procedure with p-value=0. 012.
Conclusion: Laryngeal Mask Airway is better than endotracheal tube in terms of laryngeal complications of sore throat
and cough.

Keywords: Endotracheal Tube, laryngeal mask, airway, anesthesia.

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