ROLE OF DIET IN DEVELOPMENT OF OBESITY

Zia Ur Rehman1, Muhammad Ishtiaq2, Hamid Hussain3, Sara Gul2, Muhammad Amjad1, Bushra Iftikhar1

1Department of Community Medicine, Khyber Medical College, Peshawar - Pakistan
2Department of Community Medicine, Pak International Medical College, Hayatabad, Peshawar - Pakistan
3Institute of Public Health, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar - Pakistan

Abstract

Objective: To find the prevalence of obesity and to assess relationship of obesity with diet activity among men in main city of District Charsadda.

Material and Methods: The study was conducted from March to September 2013. Four hundred males of age group 20-65 years were selected from main Charsadda City by multistage sampling. Data was collected for age, diet history, and then height and weight were measured and BMI was calculated using structured questionnaires. Analysis was done using SPSS program and results were evaluated in the light of research objectives.

Results: Results showed that there is 20% obesity in our study area, showing 37% prevalence below 40 years and 63% above 40 years age among men. The average caloric intake per week and per day was 22016 and 3145.15 calories respectively; among the obese, 84% of men had high caloric intake whereas 95% of obese men had decreased physical activity as compared to normal men in the study population.

Conclusion: The high caloric intake showed positive correlation with obesity.

Keywords: Prevalence; Obesity; Diet; sedentary life style.

Download Full Pdf