URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN DIABETIC PATIENTS; CAUSATIVE BACTERIA AND ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY

Muhammad Ijaz, Saeed Ali, Sohaib Muhammad Khan, Moeez Hassan, Imtiaz Hussain Bangash

Department of Medicine, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar - Pakistan

Abstract

Objective: To find Common bacteria causing Urinary tract infection in diabetics with antibiotic sensitivity pattern.

Material and Methods: This Descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in Department of Medicine, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar from October 2012 to March 2013. Two hundred and ninety two diabetic patients having UTI on Urine RE were selected; their Culture reports were performed and analyzed using SPSS 17.0.

Results: Culture positive UTI was found in 51% patients, more prevalent in patients older than 55 years; frequencies varied with age (p=0.006). E.coli was found in 113(75.80%) cases, followed by P.aeruginosa 108(72.5%), Proteus 104(69.8%), and S.aureus 101(67.8%). E.coli was most frequent in patients older than 55 years (p=0.01). Bacterial isolates did not vary with gender (p>0.05). Gentamycin was most sensitive while Augmentin most resistant.

Conclusion: Most common bacterial isolate is E.coli, with high prevalence of drug-resistance particularly to Augmentin, Ciprofloxacin and Ceftriaxone.

Keywords: Urinary tract infection, diabetes, Antibiotics, Urine RE.

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